Legacy of the Arctic in 3D
In June-July 2013, teams from two divisions of Tomsk State University (LSAR and Center for Collective Access “Artifact”) participated in the field study of unique archaeological site near Zeleny Yar village located in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, organized by Scientific Arctic Research Center (Salekhard).
Tomsk scientists were in charge of creating 3D models for excavated graves using laser scanning and photogrammetric technology. These new methods of fixation in field research have been actively put into practice by European and American scientists, but mainly in architectural archeology so far. Western researchers note that 3D revolution in archeology is simply inevitable, and today we are witnessing its rough start.
We used two newest technologies – 3D scanning and terrestrial photogrammetry at one facility simultaneously for further comparative analysis of the results. These technologies allow to create full 3D models of archaeological sites. Digital models allow to get any measurements, calculations, cuts, analyze location of individual elements at any angle, convert them in two-dimensional drawings if necessary, etc. Photorealistic 3D models created with these technologies provide almost complete effect of presence during excavation, when anyone can see what was happening at archaeological site in all the detail and from any angle.
The work and its results are extremely important not only for the study, but also for promotion of historical and cultural heritage. Integration of these 3D models into museum or virtual space dramatically increases informative and emotional potential of exhibitions. Visitors can get a real feel of presence at excavation and see archaeological site, and not just observe objects placed in showcases out of context. It is difficult to overestimate the importance of such opportunities to dive into the past for the process of regional identity formation.
3D models are available for viewing on the Youtube channel of the Center for Collective Access to Interdisciplinary Archaeological Research “Artifact” of Tomsk State University: https://www.youtube.com/artefacttsu